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Monday, September 08, 2014

What is a virus?

A virus by its very nature mutates...

Recall that book published by my colleague of many years titled "Aids, Ebola, and Emerging Viruses"?

FYI: The US CDC is the patent holder for the ebola virus.

See this page I developed years ago when the SARS outbreak had everyone in a terror, or so the CDC and FDA hoped.

Part 1 - A different way of looking at Ebola

The growing epidemic of Ebola in Africa is a big cause for concern among the general public. The media coverage of this aggressive illness is not much help. Though there is a truth to the aggressive and disturbing nature of Ebola, there is some hope nestled in our growing understanding of the infection. Although it has high mortality but we have to look at folks who survived, what was the protective mechanism in these folks? In this article we will look at the nature of this virus and what we can learn about protecting ourselves.

First recorded Ebola outbreak originated in Democratic Republic of Congo in the year 1976.[1] Since then , there have been over 20 outbreaks in various countries in Central and Western Africa. The mortality rate among infected persons during these outbreaks has been 50-90%.[1] High mortality rate has made Ebola virus one of the most aggressive infectious agent known to people. The recent outbreak in West African countries of Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Nigeria has been the largest in the short history since our introduction to this virus.[2]

Ebola is relatively rare infection among humans. Fruit bats of Africa are believed to the original host of the Ebola virus. Human infections like occur due to direct contact with blood or other body secretions of infected animals. “In Africa, infection has been documented through the handling of infected chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, monkeys, forest antelope and porcupines found ill or dead or in the rainforest.”[1] Within the community, the infection spreads via human-to-human transmission. The routes of transmission are still limited to direct contact with blood and other body secretions of the infected or dead victims of Ebola.[3]

The Ebola Infection
Upon contraction of the Ebola virus, the illness begins with flu-like symptoms, body aches, fatigue, headaches, and fever. Some may also develop a bruising rash on the skin, described as a hemorrhagic rash. In the later stages, these individuals develop loss of appetite, severe stomach ache, diarrhea with or without bleeding, and vomiting.[4] Hemorrhage and loss of blood are the most devastating aspects of the infection and often result in fatality. The infection runs its course within 14-21 days.[5] During  this time, if the virus does not kill the infected person,  the immune system of the person is able to overcome the disease.

Researchers have been able to shed a lot of light on how the Ebola virus affects the biology of the infected person. This may also shed some light on ways to defend against the infection. Ebola virus contains two very similar glycol-proteins (GPs); which form the interactive protein structure that appears on the surface of the virus.[5] The GPs bind to the receptor proteins located on the host human cells on various organs. Cells of the gastrointestinal tract, bloodstream, and immune system are the first to be affected by viral invasion. After invading the cell, virus over-takes the cell’s protein production and depletes the cell. Infection of circulating immune cells like monocytes and dendritic cells weakens the immune cells; because they are circulatory, these cells carry the virus to all parts of the body.[6] Viral activity also manipulates these cells to create high amount of inflammatory signaling molecules. In response to inflammation,
endothelial cells of the blood vessels become more porous causing bleeding problems. The worst effects of the infection are seen on circulatory and immune system of the infected person. These effects result in the symptoms of diarrhea, vomiting, hemorrhage, and immune debility experienced by Ebola patients.

The Role of the Immune system and the Survival Factor
One arm of Ebola’s fatality weakens the immune system making it difficult for the body to mount a response. However, the body and the immune system are persistent for survival – research looking at the immune function of survivors and nonsurvivors is teaching us about nature’s best strategy to overcome. The first defensive response of the immune system is to recognize and bind to the viral proteins. This is a double-edged sword, because this is also the easiest way for the cell to become infected. The surveillance immune cells (B-cells) bind to virus and produce IgM antibodies to recruit other immune cells to neutralize the virus.[7] Antiviral T-cell lymphocytes become involved; these produce IgG antibodies that reinforce the defensive action against the virus. Production of IgM and IgG antibodies represent virus-specific signals for the immune system to recognize and eliminate the virus.

Studies that compared immune systems of survivors with the immune function of non-survivors of Ebola illustrate the differences in immune activity. Among survivors of Ebola infections during a 1996 outbreak in Gabon, Sudan; it was found that these individuals had greater concentration of IgM and IgG antibodies7    and also had more sustained antiviral T-cell response. Comparatively, all of these were deficient among the non-survivors. The immune system of the non-survivors was slower to respond, thus sustained greater loss due to death of immune cells – this resulted in ultimate fatality.[7]

In a study of 2000-2001 Ebola outbreak in Gulu, Uganda; researchers looked at similar parameter of the immune system[8]. In this study, the researcher looked at the immune responses of blood samples from survivor and non-survivors of this outbreak. It was discovered that survivors had developed antibodies against various proteins on the virus. These antibodies were still active in the survivors after the infection had passed. In a 12 year follow-up study with the survivors, the immune systems still carried IgM antibodies against the viral proteins.[9] These individual still produced a significant immune response to injected viral proteins over a decade after exposure to the illness.

This group of studies and others like them are recognizing the central role of the immune system in survival. For an infection like Ebola, which has no apparent clinical cure, natural reinforcement of the immune system may represent an oasis of hope in the desert of fear and panic.

Prevention is the best treatment: As far as we know, this virus is transmitted through bodily fluids and it is not air borne. You are not going to contract this virus in flying or sitting next to Ebola infected person, unless come in contact with blood, vomitus, stool, urine or get injected with infected needle. Proper infection control techniques will be highly effective in controlling this disease. Even once you are in contact with these bodily fluids, washing with soap can be highly effective in warding off this infection, unless you have open wounds on your skin.

Natural strategies for a resilient immune system
Healthy nutrition is the best way to keep your immune system boosted. Diets that are high in a variety of vegetables and fruits are most beneficial. Fruits and vegetables are packed with naturally occurring vitamins and minerals that support healthy enzymatic function in the body. A review of research indicates that fruits and vegetables in the diet support antioxidant, detoxification, immune activity and hormonal metabolism in the body.[10] Dietary mushrooms are source of polysaccharides like β-glucan, that are directly modulate activity of the immune system.[11] An average healthy diet must include up to 4-5 servings of a variety of vegetables every day; and 1-2 servings of fresh fruits every day.

Exercise is an important foundation of health. Exercising supports the immune system through its physiological and mechanical effects on the body. Exercise can help flush out infective agents and cancer-causing toxins by promoting elimination of waste through urine and sweat.[12] It improves circulation of in general – promoting circulation of immune cells and antibodies through all parts of the body. In a research study, moderate exercise performed over 12-15 weeks reduced the number of sick days by half.[13] On the other hand; excessive rigorous exercise can weaken the body’s defenses. Moderate exercise includes, 30-40 minutes of brisk walk 4-5 days every week.

Sleep is one the most healing aspects of daily life. It is the one time when the anabolic (building) functions in the body outpace the catabolic (destructive) functions in the body. Undisturbed sleep can be one of the most regenerative activities that an individual can have every day. Sleep is part of the sleep-wake cycle that helps to balance the circadian rhythm of hormones and physiological activity of the body. This aspect of sleep has a powerful regulatory effect on immune function of the individual;[14] More specifically, sleep has been shown to improve communication between immune cells and improve immunological memory.

Stress is a natural part of life that is an essential motivator survival and change. However, excessive stress and inadequate stress management can become detrimental to health. Just like a stretched rubber-band loses its elasticity over time, a stressed system loses its immunity as well. Chronic stress can make a weak immune system even weaker, increasing susceptibility to disease.[15] Simple stress relieving activity like exercise, deep breathing, yoga, and joyful recreational activity must be incorporated into daily life to induce effective transition into a relaxed state.

Herbal support is the next line of protection that adds to the benefits of daily activity. Ayurveda offers a wide range of herbs called rasayana. According to the Ayurvedic theory, rasayana herbs are rejuvenative medicines that promote health at all tissue levels of the body. The traditional model of tissue formation teaches us that the components of blood related to nourishment like plasma (rasa) and red blood cells (rakta) are formed first. On the other hand, Ojas which represents components of the hormonal system, immune cells, etc. are formed at the end of the process of tissue formation. Rasayana herbs have the capacity to support healthy metabolism at all levels tissue formation – thus, promoting nourishment and protection. 

Amla, Emblica officinalis, is one of the more popular rasayana. It has been used as part of a traditional formula called Chyawanprash for over 2000 years. Amla is a very useful antioxidant and liver supportive herb. Antioxidant function of this herb has a regenerative effect on the immune system.[16] The liver supportive activity of Amla has been shown to restore anti-oxidant system of the liver and restore elevated liver enzymes to normal. It has been observed to protect liver damage due to toxins and protect development of liver cancer.17,18 Liver is the primary detoxing organ of the body. Optimal function of the liver reduces toxic burden and allows the immune system to deal with real threats.

Ashwagandha, Withania somnifera, is an excellent adrenal supportive herb that has tonifying effect on the whole hormone system. Ashwagandha contains glycoside compound of Ashwagandha have been observed to reduce stress on the adrenal gland and stimulate the thyroid gland activity.[19] This demonstrates the anti-stress activity and pro-metabolic activity of Ashwagandha. Both of these reinforce immune activity of the individual, indicated by the mobilization and activation of immune cells.[20] Ashwagandha has also been observed to reverse immune-suppression caused by steroid use.[21] Ashwagandha herb is one of the best hormonal and immune modulator offered by Ayurvedic tradition. In 1903 plague epidemic, people who were given Ashwagandha survived. Ashwagandha does not have strong antibacterial properties, but it does stimulate host defense.

Turmeric, Curcuma longa, this common household spice is emerging as a miraculous anti-inflammatory agent. While healthy, controlled inflammation is a part of a normal immune response; excessive inflammation causes tissue damage and depletion of the immune system. Turmeric contains the compound curcumin, which is recognized for helping control inflammation as effectively as Non-Steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID). In animal studies, Curcumin has been observed to be equal Ibuprofen to prevent inflammatory plaque formation in Alzheimer disease.[22] Curcumin does this without the risk of toxicity seen with NSAIDs. Additionally, Curcumin’s effectiveness has been demonstrated in chronic diseases, inflammatory bowel disease, obesity and other metabolic diseases.23,24,25 When unnecessary inflammation is brought under control this takes a lot of stress from immune system and the adrenal gland – this also protects from inflammatory tissue damage.
Altogether, managing inflammation in this way makes the immune system more efficient.

Guduchi, Tinospora cordifolia, is a versatile herb for supporting immune and liver function. Guduchi is traditionally used in wide variety of conditions for its combination of anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, immune modulating and liver supportive actions.[26] A review of research indicates that Guduchi produces Its anti-inflammatory effect through blocking the effect of inflammatory signals like histamine, bradykinin, etc.[27] Immune supportive activity of this herb is demonstrated in animal studies by elevation and circulation of B-cell and T-cell lymphocytes, which perform surveillance and elimination of infective agents.28,29 In a demonstration of its dual functions as liver and immune support, Guduchi treated amoebiasis in animals by reversing liver abscess.[29]

In the midst of worries of a global epidemic, natural medicine offers some very helpful and applicable strategies for protecting oneself. These are simple life-promoting daily activities that help the individual conform with nature. Blending with nature in this way is what allowed our ancestors to survive when there were no drugs available. Following the nature’s wisdom is the ideal way to bring balance and health; this is the first step to effective prevention.


"Truth and love must prevail over lies and hatred." Vaclav Havel, 1936-2011
 Copyright© Gayle Eversole, DHom, PhD, MH, NP, ND.  All rights reserved.

You may find more on viruses and vaccines on Natural Health News using our search box 

Part 2 -

Nutritional Law and Medicine
It has long been apparent that an increased susceptibility to infectious diseases is common in malnourished human populations. This has traditionally been viewed as simply a consequence of the fact that the immune system must be maintained by adequate nutrition in order to function optimally. Only recently has data begun to accumulate in support of the idea that nutritional factors may sometimes have a direct effect on pathogens, and that passage through nutritionally deficient hosts may facilitate evolutionary changes in infectious agents.[1]
The mechanisms of cell death, apoptosis, necrosis, pyroptosis, or autophagic cell death depends on a cells ability to cope with the conditions to which it is exposed. The adaptive capacity of a cell ultimately determines its fate when it comes under stress. The strength or what we can call a cells adaptive capacity is directly related to nutritional sufficiency and proper cellular respiration that removes all toxins and wastes through the cell wall.
Patients who are critically ill with Ebola have high nutritional requirements that need to be addressed. Nutritional feeding is critical to patient outcome. Natural Allopathic Medicine takes a different approach than contemporary medicine. Instead of using toxic pharmaceuticals that diminish the immune system by further driving down nutritional status we use we treat and cure through the fulfillment of nutritional law.
We do not need to develop expensive drugs waiting while millions potentially die. Right in the emergency room are already excellent medicines that doctors are familiar with that save lives every day. Nutritional medicine is safer and more effective than pharmaceutical medicine. Just ask an emergency-room or intensive-care-ward doctor right after he has injected magnesium chloride or sodium bicarbonate to save someone’s life.
With Ebola raging in Africa and threatening the rest of the world it is inexcusable that medical and health officials continue to frown on the use of un-patentable medicines like those mentioned above. The substances in the Natural Allopathic protocol for Ebola offer a power unequalled in the world of medicine that we can harness to save many lives of people infected with Ebola. However, some people would enjoy seeing millions if not billions of people die to reduce population down to a more manageable level. Others would rather stick with their professional pride or obedience to medical officials and let patients die than even think of what should work to decrease the death rate from Ebola.  It really would be a shame if the medical world stands by and lets this pandemic take hold.
The secrets of emergency room and intensive care medicine holds the key to resolving Ebola. Magnesium salts, sodium bicarbonate (baking soda), iodine, selenium and vitamin C are concentrated nutritional medicinals that have been used in the direst of medical circumstances. They are widely available, inexpensive and safe to administer round the clock at high dosages.
The core of the Natural Allopathic protocol redefines the way emergency room and intensive care should be practiced on Ebola patients with proven fast-acting, safe, concentrated and mostly injectable nutritional medicines. If the Ebola infection truly gets out of hand, it is comforting for parents to know that they can legally administer these same medicinals if infected people are treated at home. All of the Natural Allopathic Medicines can be also taken orally or used transdermally (topically) to almost the same effect if treatment is started early enough.
People who either choose home care or have no other option need to treat everyone in the home at the same time whether demonstrating symptoms or not. Waiting for the contagion to spread inside a family, or with health care professionals in hospitals and clinics, is unwise. The main idea is to get out in front of the virus.

Natural Options

Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Sodium Bicarbonate
Colloidal Silver
Specific Pure therapeutic essential oils
Far Infrared therapy
Medical Marijuana

from Marc Sircus

Saturday, June 14, 2014

EPA: Out of Control

Cleanup to Start in East Fork Ninemile; Watch for Traffic

Here is an example of still another toxic waste dump being created in the epicenter of the Bunker Hill Superfund Site. Technically it may be a mile or so removed from the “BOX” or original 21 sq. miles. Nevertheless the message is one of a warning to residents who may be living in the area to watch out for heavy equipment as well as other risks to those who live in the area. Every indication is revealed that dangerous contamination is being dug up and transferred to another location close by.

The part about “securing” the lead and heavy metals, which amount to God only knows how many years and dump truck loads is being place in a smaller, managed location to keep it from being moved downstream? Everything runs down stream whether it be isolated i.e. out of the radar of affected citizens visibility but not out of the danger of  fugitive windblown dust.

Why was permanent waste disposal never discussed to the public? 

In addition our office has firsthand knowledge of how the public comment period went to folks in that area and a copy of the comments to the two comments that were received. This hardly equates to the CERCLA law of informing citizens of the toxic waste dumps and other major decisions of Region X. One from  a man who lives on 02, oxygen, 24/7.

It is clear that this is a new repository, the heavy equipment, contractors, workers, transporting of hundreds maybe thousands of dump trucks of toxic waste is to go on for several years. Not to mention that Woodland Park area is the location of a large low income public housing complex where many families with children live, it is also a residential neighborhood with narrow driving passage ways.

LOOK FOR Old Mission State Park on Map, repository is greyish area to the NE across the road. Wetland is to the left of the dump site, river is to the south of the Mission.

It is safe to say that permanent waste disposal was never considered. The copy of the response to the two public comments from reg. ten includes mention of the justifying of this site so as to “ultimately avoid transporting of waste through Wallace” So want rational is being used here for the approval of tons of toxic cleanup waste being transported several miles from all over the site on I-90 to be dumped at a National Historic Landmark in a highly populated area as well as desecration of Native American land?

The repository is in an elevated  hill location, all pollution runs downhill, it is documented by epa to be seeping “very high levels of metals that discharge into Canyon Creek”.

Would someone with a brain check into this?

Wednesday, May 14, 2014

Busted: Cholesterol Claims

Cholesterol Claims Confound
Cholesterol-battling plant stanol-based Benecol has been busted in the UK for exaggerating TV advert claims even though they were based on UK National Health Service, British Heart Foundation (BHF) and World Health Organization (WHO) data.
A veteran healthy foods consultant called the ruling “stupid” and advised Raiso-owned Benecol’s UK license holder, Johnson & Johnson, to sue the UK agency in question.
The ads for Benecol drinking yoghurt claimed, "two out of three adults have high cholesterol" in the UK, but the Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) said the claim manipulated BHF and other data and,therefore exaggerated the health benefit of the product.”
Despite being approved by the broadcast approver, Clearcast, the ASA also ruled the ad had inappropriately used an EU-approved cholesterol reducing claim by stating Benecol was, “proven to lower cholesterol by up to 10% in just three weeks."
“This attack on a European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)-approved claim has to be one of the most stupid regulatory rulings that I have seen,” opined industry consultant, editor and analyst Julian Mellentin.
The ASA panel who arrived at this decision must be composed of people with zero understanding of the regulation and the science. They should be called to account.”
ASA reasoning
The ASA said the Benecol ad had not been clear enough about what cholesterol levels of 5 mmol/l meant, even if WHO figures showed two thirds of people had raised cholesterol based on this measure. BHF data was similar.
In casting the ad as “misleading” and “exaggerated”, the ASA said some of the data was based on LDL cholesterol and not total cholesterol, and that some dated from five or more years ago.
Further, “While we acknowledged that the NHS Choices article submitted stated that total cholesterol of less than 5 mmol/l was advised for healthy adults, we noted that it did not state that all levels of over 5 mmol/l were considered to be ‘high’, rather than, for example, being considered raised or of moderate risk.”
“In addition, we were concerned that the BHF 2007 report gave blood cholesterol levels for England but that it did not include a UK figure.”
For the claim itself the ASA noted the European Commission backed claim wording flexibility but in this case was, “concerned that although the ad stated ‘LOWER CHOLESTEROL UP TO 10% in 3 weeks’, and ‘PROVEN TO LOWER CHOLESTEROL’, it did not include the required information about high cholesterol being a risk factor in the development of CHD [coronary heart disease].”
“We therefore considered the meaning of the authorised disease risk reduction claim was significantly altered.”
It said the supplementary information was not prominent enough in the ad compared to other information and concluded, “The ad must not be broadcast again in its current form.”
But this logic failed to impress Mellentin.
“The regulator is once again ignoring the fact that a company is using a legally permitted claim, that the wording falls very clearly within the boundaries of what is permitted by the regulation and that the product and the claim have been supported by eminent independent bodies such as the British Heart Foundation and several others.”
“It's time that companies resisted this type of ignorance and regulatory arrogance. If Benecol was my company I'd take the ASA to court where they would be subjected to a humiliation that they richly deserve.”
Benecol cholesterol-lowering claims were approved in many countries before the 2009 EU nutrition and health claim approvals that also included related plant stanols compounds.
That stated: The Panel concludes that for an intake of 1.5 - 2.4 g/d an average reduction of between 7 and 10.5 % can be expected.”
A summary of those claims can be found here .
Sterols from Natural Health News
Dec 09, 2008
Natural Health News has several posts regarding the push on products containing "plant sterols", including aspirin, vitamins, and a variety of drinks for cholesterol lowering. Our argument against these products is that they ...
Apr 21, 2011
'Phytosterols' are compounds that can impair the absorption of cholesterol from the gut. In this way, 'sterols' (as their name is often abbreviated to) can reduce cholesterol levels in the bloodstream, which conventional wisdom ...
Jan 02, 2008
I recently commented on Cardio vitamins from Centrum because of their hype on plant sterols and what is actually in the product. Now along comes Unilever with their actively advertised product Promise Activ, also containing ...
Sep 12, 2008
Earlier this year, and also in 2007, I looked into some of the new consumer products plied with canola and soy oil under the guise of "plant sterols". Most manufacturers report using genetically modified sources adding to the ...

Friday, April 11, 2014

Truth in Publishing?

UPDATE 4-14-14:  A "friend" of Adams posts this expose on another fraud in supplements Adams is selling.
Can You Trust Your Supplements:

As it stands now, based on some recently uncovered information, the "health ranger" is now a "News Journalist".

Software creator to "editor" and also a so-called independent reviewer.

You have to be the real judge of exactly what color chameleon it is today.  Might have been different yesterday, perhaps different tomorrow.

As I've mentioned I have been copied from the inception of this wunderkind's creations.  He started lurking in 2003 and copying without attribution.  Could be flattery, maybe.  But what about his defamation, and I've never even talked with the fellow.

I've always stood on the fact that I have worked in media with many well respected companies over the years, and I follow ethical practices.

Here's one thing you might find interesting. If there was real transparency that would be better. After all, isn't it "Truth Publishing"?
Sound too good to be true? That's what I thought at first, too. But then I took the time to meet the people, research the rainforest herbs and experience their healing effects myself. Now I'm not only convinced this is the company that's going to pave the way to sustainable business practices in the coming years, I'm also convinced it represents the very best business opportunity available in the natural health industry today for anyone interested in an independent, at-home business where you control your own financial destiny. That's no casual claim, either. Keep reading to see why I've become such an outspoken advocate of the Amazon Herb Company, even while refusing to become a associate myself (due to journalism ethics, because if I got involved with the company, I could no longer offer a truly independent opinion like what you're reading here).
This person is connected with the Wyoming software company linked with Adams

CODY,WY  82414
Date of Taking Office: 03/12/2009
Last Updated: 03/06/2014
Corporation documents filed in Arizona over quite a few years show otherwise -

Arizona Corporation Commission
04/11/2014 State of Arizona Public Access System 11:58 AM

Jump To...
Annual Reports Scanned Documents Amendments Microfilm

Corporate Inquiry
File Number:  -0522566-4
Domestic Address
6336 N. ORACLE ROAD, #326-315
TUCSON,  AZ  85704
Statutory Agent Information
Agent Mailing Address:
TUCSON,  AZ  85704
Agent Physical Address:
STE. 116
ORO VALLEY,  AZ  85704
Agent Status: APPOINTED 01/31/2007
Agent Last Updated: 09/16/2008
Additional Corporate Information
Corporation Type: NON-PROFIT Business Type: EDUCATIONAL
Incorporation Date:  01/22/1990 Corporate Life Period: PERPETUAL
Domicile:  ARIZONA County: PIMA
Approval Date:  01/25/1990 Original Publish Date:  06/07/1990

Officer Information

6336 N. ORACLE ROAD, #326-315
TUCSON,AZ  85704
Date of Taking Office: 12/07/2006
Last Updated: 03/06/2014

CODY,WY  82414
Date of Taking Office: 03/12/2009
Last Updated: 03/06/2014

6336 N. ORACLE ROAD, #326-315
TUCSON,AZ  85704
Date of Taking Office: 02/27/2007
Last Updated: 03/06/2014


Director Information

6336 N. ORACLE ROAD, #326-315
TUCSON,AZ  85704
Date of Taking Office: 02/27/2007
Last Updated: 03/06/2014

6336 N. ORACLE ROAD, #326-315
TUCSON,AZ  85704
Date of Taking Office: 12/07/2006
Last Updated: 03/06/2014

Annual Reports

Next Annual Report Due: 02/22/2015
File Year File Month Date Received Reason Returned Date Returned Extension
2014 02 02/18/2014
2013 02 02/19/2013
2012 02 02/19/2013
2011 02 02/15/2011
2010 02 02/01/2010
2009 02 04/06/2009
2008 02 05/30/2008
2007 02 04/23/2007 08/22/2008
2006 02 10/18/2006
2005 02 06/02/2005
2004 02 09/13/2004
2003 02 02/24/2003
2002 02 03/21/2002
2001 02 05/15/2001
2000 02 03/30/2000
1999 02 02/23/1999
1998 02 04/23/1998
1996 10 01/30/1997
1995 10 05/03/1996
1994 10 02/17/1995 REPLACEMENT CHECK 04/29/1996 04/15/1996
1993 10 03/15/1994 04/15/1995
1992 10 02/17/1993
1991 10 02/14/1992
1990 10 02/14/1991
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Look at these *** in particular 

Scanned Documents
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Document Number Description Date Received
96 ANNUAL REPORT *** 01/30/1997
98 ANNUAL REPORT 04/23/1998
99 ANNUAL REPORT 02/23/1999
00 ANNUAL REPORT 03/30/2000
01 ANNUAL REPORT 05/15/2001
02 ANNUAL REPORT 03/21/2002
03 ANNUAL REPORT 02/24/2003
04 ANNUAL REPORT 09/13/2004
05 ANNUAL REPORT 06/02/2005
06 ANNUAL REPORT 10/18/2006
PUB OF AMENDMENT *** 02/22/2007
07 ANNUAL REPORT 04/23/2007
08 ANNUAL REPORT 05/30/2008
CHANGE(S) 09/11/2008
09 ANNUAL REPORT 04/06/2009
10 ANNUAL REPORT 02/01/2010
11 ANNUAL REPORT 02/15/2011
12 ANNUAL REPORT 02/17/2012
13 ANNUAL REPORT 02/19/2013
14 ANNUAL REPORT 02/18/2014
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Amendment Date Amendment Type Publish Date Publish Exception
01/31/2007 NAME CHANGE 02/22/2007      
09/18/1990 AMENDMENT 10/16/1990      
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Name Changes / Mergers
Description Corporation Name Date

Location Date Received Description
10508009029 01/22/1990 ARTICLES
20100055018 06/07/1990 PUBLICATION OF ARTICLES
10569008035 09/18/1990 AMENDMENT
20105061010 10/16/1990 PUBLICATION OF AMENDMENT
10594002032 02/14/1991 90 ANNUAL REPORT
10663021008 02/14/1992 91 ANNUAL REPORT
10737012031 02/17/1993 92 ANNUAL REPORT
10833023030 03/15/1994 93 ANNUAL REPORT
20168030038 02/16/1995 94 EXTENSION
10922023035 02/17/1995 94 ANNUAL REPORT
20189012008 02/16/1996 95 EXTENSION
11041021006 05/03/1996 95 ANNUAL REPORT
20198001002 09/04/1996 AGENT APPOINTMENT/CORP ADDR CHG
11107010032 01/30/1997 96 ANNUAL REPORT
11221018035 03/20/1998 98 ANNUAL REPORT
31524002008 02/23/1999 99 ANNUAL REPORT
20247036011 07/02/1999 CORP ADDRESS CHG
31573000265 03/30/2000 00 ANNUAL REPORT
31619000139 05/15/2001 01 ANNUAL REPORT
31657000213 03/21/2002 02 ANNUAL REPORT
31708001268 02/24/2003 03 ANNUAL REPORT
31826000643 09/13/2004 04 ANNUAL REPORT
31886000518 06/02/2005 05 ANNUAL REPORT
32011002634 10/18/2006 06 ANNUAL REPORT
11776001040 01/31/2007 AMENDMENT
32029004018 02/22/2007 PUB OF AMENDMENT
32052001966 04/23/2007 07 ANNUAL REPORT
11802009013 02/15/2008 EXTENSION
32158000428 05/30/2008 08 ANNUAL REPORT
32162003293 09/11/2008 CHANGE(S)